REPORT: VA Governor’s EO Decrees That Gatherings of 11+ People Can Result in Jail Or A Fine, Or Both

DW&BJ | Opinion | Virginia’s dominant Democrat politicians put themselves in the national spotlight in recent months with their outrageously callous attitude towards late-term abortion, and now they’re adding to their attack against our Constitutional freedoms by yet another overreaching of protected issues, specifically the right to free speech and the freedom to assemble peaceably.

A recent executive order handed down by Governor Ralph Northam decreed that any more than ten people gathering in a church are now subject to a $2,500 fine AND a year in the graybar hotel…or both.

From Terence P. Jeffries at LifeSiteNews we have the following:

RICHMOND, Virginia, March 25, 2020 (CNS News) — Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam issued an executive order on Monday that is aimed at stopping the new coronavirus — and, in the process, makes it a criminal offense to hold a church service attended by more than 10 people.

Yes, his order makes it a crime for more than 10 people to gather in a church.

There are two passages in the text of the governor’s order that are relevant to this.

Paragraph 1 says: “Therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me by Article V, Section 7 of the Constitution of Virginia, by § 44-146.17 of the Code of Virginia and in furtherance of Executive Order 51, I order the following: 1. Effective 11:59 p.m., Tuesday, March 24, 2020 until 11:59 p.m., Thursday, April 23, 2020, all public and private in person gatherings of 10 or more individuals are prohibited.”


The second relevant section of the order says: “Violation of paragraphs 1, 3, 4, and 6 of this Order shall be a Class 1 misdemeanor pursuant to § 44-146.17 of the Code of Virginia.”


Indeed, the actual text of § 44-146.17 says: “Executive orders, to include those declaring a state of emergency and directing evacuation, shall have the force and effect of law and the violation thereof shall be punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor in every case where the executive order declares that its violation shall have such force and effect.”

Northam, in his executive order, declared, “Violations of paragraph 1” — which states that “all public and private in person gatherings of 10 or more individuals are prohibited” — are Class 1 misdemeanors. Thus, under Virginia law, they are Class 1 misdemeanors.

What can the government do to you for committing one of these Class 1 misdemeanors?

The Code of Virginia spells out the punishment in § 18.2-11. It says: “The authorized punishments for conviction of a misdemeanor are: (a) For Class 1 misdemeanors, confinement in jail for not more than twelve months and a fine of not more than $2,500, either or both.”

Now, attending a typical church service — like, say, a Catholic Mass on Sunday — would seem to fall within the scope of “public and private in person gatherings of 10 or more individuals.”

Northam’s executive order does not use any terminology that specifically indicates it applies to churches or other places of worship. Nor does it include language listing churches and other places of worship among those “essential” locations that are not subject to the ban on gatherings of 10 or more people.

But a “Frequently Asked Questions” sheet that his office published about the executive order does address the issue.

The fifth question it answers is: “What about religious services? Can I still go to my church, synagogue, or mosque?”

The answer: “Virginians are strongly encouraged to seek alternative means of attending religious services, such as virtually or via ‘drive-through’ worship. Places of worship that do conduct in-person services must limit gatherings to 10 people, to comply with the statewide 10-person ban.”


To make certain that this meant that the law making it a misdemeanor criminal offense to have gatherings of more than 10 people applied to churches, I addressed a question to Northam’s press secretary, Alena Yarmosky.

I asked her via email: “How about a simple yes or no: Are church attendees and churches exempted from the misdemeanor penalty that applies to other individuals and organizations that violate the governor’s Executive Order and have gatherings that bring together more than 10 people?”

She responded by email: “The Governor’s EO 53 bans assemblies of more than 10 people, statewide. That includes gatherings at private schools, private clubs, parties, as well as any other social get-together, and religious services.”

Conclusion: The governor has issued an executive order that “bans” religious services that bring together more than 10 people. His executive order expressly states that any “violations” of the paragraph in the order that bans “gatherings of 10 or more persons … shall be a Class 1 misdemeanor.” Virginia law says that when a governor’s executive order states that violating that order is a Class 1 misdemeanor, those violations are indeed Class 1 misdemeanors.

Virginians now live in a state where holding a church service attended by 11 people has been unilaterally declared a crime by the governor.

I think the first person that I heard of in which someone was arrested for holding a church service during the so-called pandemic was Rodney Howard Browne in Florida. In his case, however, the state governor decreed that church services were “essential” and would be allowed to continue, and the charges against him were reversed.

Governor Northam, on the other hand, is obviously not of the same mindset. With majority control over the state of Virginia, he and his Democrat cohorts are among those who seem to be pushing the limits of their authority and flexing their muscles to see how much they can get away with before the constituents get off their backsides and make their own stand against the power grab that some of the states’ elected officials are implementing.


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